### Middle School Math

WHAT WE LEARN IN MIDDLE SCHOOL MATH

6th Grade Mathematics (250 Minimum Weekly Minutes)
Number Sense
• Compares, orders, interprets, and solves problems using fractions, rations, proportions, and percentages
• Calculates and solves problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
• Determines the least common multiple and greatest common divisor
• Uses estimation strategies for all operations
Algebra and Functions
• Writes, evaluates, analyzes, and solves verbal expressions in sentences as algebraic expressions and equations
• Explores algebraic expressions involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
• Solves problems using correct order of operations Measurement and Geometry
• Understands the measurement of plane and solid shapes
• Knows the formula of the circumference and area
• Identifies the properties of two-dimensional shapes
• Understands the concept of a constant number like pi
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability
• Computes and analyzes statistical measurement for data sets
• Interprets, evaluates, and simplifies algebraic expressions
• Computes the range, mean, median, and mode of data sets
• Represents probabilities as ratios, proportions, and decimals between 0 and 1
Mathematical Reasoning
• Makes decisions about how to approach a problem, set up an equation, and solve an equation
• Makes precise calculations and checks the reasonability or validity of answers

7th Grade Mathematics (250 Minimum Weekly Minutes)
Number Sense
• Compares, orders, interprets, and solves problems using fractions, rations, proportions, and percentages
• Calculates and solves problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
• Determines the least common multiple and greates common divisor
• Uses estimation strategies for all operations
Algebra and Functions
• Writes, evaluates, analyzes, and solves verbal expressions in sentences as algebraic expressions and equations
• Explores algebraic expressions involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
• Solves problems using correct order of operations

Measurement and Geometry
• Understands the measurement of plane and solid shapes
• Knows the formula of the circumference and area
• Identifies the properties of two-dimensional shapes
• Understands the concept of a constant number like pi
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability
• Computes and analyzes statistical measurement for data sets
• Interprets, evaluates, and simplifies algebraic expressions
• Computes the range, mean, median, and mode of data sets
• Represents probabilities as ratios, proportions, and decimals between 0 and 1
Mathematical Reasoning
• Makes decisions about how to approach a problem, set up an equation, and solve an equation
• Makes precise calculations and checks the reasonability or validity of answers

8th grade Mathematics (225 Minimum Weekly Minutes)
Number Sense
• Identifies number systems and accurately computes within each system
• Compares and orders rational/irrational numbers
• Uses order of operations to solve complex problems
• Applies properties of rational numbers
• Applies the concepts and rules of exponents and roots
Algebra and Functions
• Interprets, translates, and evaluates data using algebraic terminology, expressions, and equations
• Identifies unknowns from problems
• Writes and solves one-step and multi-step equations
• Solves equations and inequalities involving absolute values
• Identifies slope and y-intercept
• Plots and graphs linear and non-linear equations
• Solves a system of linear equations in two variables
• Applies basic factoring to second and third degree polynomials
• Simplifies polynomials using properties and appropriate algorithms
• Applies algebraic techniques to rate, work, percent, and mixture problems
• Solves a quadratic equation by factoring, completing the square of, and applying the quadratic formula
Measurement and Geometry
• Classifies triangles by sides and angles
• Computes with and applies geometric concepts
• Uses symmetry, congruency, and similarity to geometric figures
• Calculates perimeter, area, volume, and surface area of geometric figures
• Applies the Pythagorean Theorem for problem solving
• Converts and compares like units of measurement within the standard and metric systems
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability
• Interprets, compares, makes predictions, and evaluates data from charts, tables, and graphs
• Applies the measures of central tendency
• Records and analyzes results of probability experiments
• Calculates probability of dependent and independent events
Mathematical Reasoning
• Analyzes problems by identifying patterns and relationships
• Applies various strategies appropriate for arriving at a solution
• Expresses the solution clearly and logically using appropriate properties and algorithms
• Evaluates the reasonableness of solutions

Advanced Algebra 1 and Geometry are available for students attaining the skill levels required for these classes.